Each time has its standards of female beauty. What just do not go ladies just to match the ideal! A plus-size model from New York, Katie Sturino (Katie Sturino) declares war the notorious “90-60-90”. Dressing exactly like slim celebrities, a woman shows that to be attractive, it is not necessary to be thin.
The entire fashion industry structured in such a way that women with sizes larger than 48 invariably feel inferior. Manufacturers of fashionable branded clothing simply do not sew to a large size. Katie Sturino, an American model, and fashion blogger have become famous throughout the world for challenging this injustice. She convinced that it is possible to dress beautifully and look great, having any size. You just need to love yourself.
On Instagram, Katie runs a blog called the12ishstyle, where she advises how to dress such puffy girls like herself. Dizzying success, hundreds of thousands of followers, and thousands of followers around the world. The fashion blogger is copying the style of famous slim actresses or models, thereby demonstrating that fashion is available to everyone. All her images are designed to enhance the self-esteem of full-bodied beauties. After all, whatever one may say, the true beauty, like the innate sense of style, does not depend on the number that we see on the scales.
Katie is sure that beauty is not a privilege, but the right of all women, without exception. Anyone can look stylish, there would be a desire.
Katie is fundamentally different from many other plus-size models in that she does not advocate a rejection of sports and erratic food. On the contrary, she watches her diet and goes to the gym. Without setting any unrealistic goals.
In an interview with Glamor, she said: “When I was married, I was obsessed with my size. But, about three years ago, we broke up, and I gained a lot of excess weight. This happened somehow imperceptibly. Now I am all in the same size, but something has changed: I really love my body. “
It is for this purpose that Katie creates her own skits so that overweight women value themselves, do not feel flawed. The collection of images of Katie Sturino recreated by her is full of big names: Sandra Bullock, Katie Holmes, Kate Moss, Gwyneth Paltrow, and many others.
Of course, the work of a fashion blogger is faced with a lot of unpleasant moments. Very often people react to her work not at all positively, but even condemningly. More recently, a woman was simply harassed in the comments under a photograph where she repeated the image of Meghan Markle. A lot of offensive comments forced Katie to make a statement. “In the media and beyond, there is a war against the female body, and we are making progress. These comments indicate that victory is far away. But you need to continue to act, I’m on the right track. No one deserves to be spoken to in this way, either online or in real life. We still have a lot of work to do! ”Said Katie Sturino. If you are interested in the topic of body positive
Ugly women do not exist, there are only women who do not know how to emphasize their dignity. A well-chosen hairstyle can transform anyone!
After all, even chubby cheeks and the emerging double chin can be beaten with a stylish haircut and styling. We present a selection of hairstyles for a round face, thanks to which a lady with forms will give
A short haircut with an asymmetric bang for courageous ladies: it looks amazing!
Loose long hair has not been canceled. One condition: they must be well-groomed.
Ah, that delicious bean: a timeless classic.
Romantic styling with soft, flowing curls.
Examples of hairstyles with which you can at least go to work, at least for a dinner party, go!
Round cheeks are not a reason to refuse bangs.
Long hair makes it possible to experiment endlessly.
A slightly elongated fringe softens facial features and conceals age-related manifestations.
Do not deny yourself the pleasure of trying on new fashionable images, try different styles, experiment. You will definitely find that haircut that will make you irresistible!
It is believed that the level of development of society is determined in many ways by how it treats our younger brothers. In Russia, this issue is largely painful, so it makes sense to see how street animals are treated in other countries. The experience of the Netherlands is especially revealing, where there are no abandoned animals at all. Dutch volunteers who come to our country believe that there is a way to simultaneously solve two problems: to find applications for homeless animals and to please people who need warmth and affection. Similar projects are successfully starting to be implemented with us.
An interesting historical fact: a few years after the release of the beautiful children’s film “101 Dalmatians”, America’s shelters were full of spotty thoroughbred dogs. The fact is that inspired by a magical story, people massively wanted to get these animals. But in fact, Dalmatians are quite complex in nature, very active dogs. They were taken out for hunting, and it is difficult to keep such pets in apartments, therefore, disappointed, many owners solved this problem in the simplest way – they got rid of dogs. So the film, which was supposed to instill in people a love of animals, led to opposite results.
After the release of the famous film, the Dalmatians became the most popular breed for several years.
The Netherlands, which today is considered an exemplary country for pets, faced the problem of street animals in full in the 19th century. In those days, keeping a dog at home was considered a sign of good taste – this indicated the high status of the family. As a result, due to the huge number of dogs in the country, an epidemic of rabies erupted, after which many owners, frightened, got rid of the animals, throwing them outside. Of course, this only made it worse. In the 20th century, the number of animals was reduced, and in the 21st century, new civilized mechanisms for controlling animals were developed and effectively worked. It was based on the question of the responsibility of the owners for “those whom they tamed”.
As in the example with the Dalmatians, the most important link in the problem was not the animals themselves, but the people. Firstly, in the Netherlands, as in most countries that effectively deal with this issue, most pets are not only registered, but also sterilized (this operation is free, and only certified breeders can have animals for breeding). Secondly, the legislation protects the rights of tailed people and provides for fines and even prison sentences for people who do not fully understand their responsibilities. That is, the owner can not throw the animal into the street or not provide him with the necessary medical care. To ensure that animals are not offended, special police monitors – Animal Cops. Well, and thirdly, the government encourages the admission of animals from the shelter to the family. This is done by very simple economic measures – a high tax on pedigree dogs has been introduced. After such an unusual step, about a million mongrels were “attached in good hands” very quickly.
Street dogs can be a real problem advertising
Of course, putting things in order in relatively small Holland is not at all the same as working in our vast expanses. The failed experience of the Moscow program for the sterilization of stray animals was shown more than clearly. However, the foreign volunteers who come to our country are most surprised not even by the fact that many Russians stray animals cause negative emotions – this is understandable, and in many respects is the result of ineffective measures to regulate their numbers. Very poor statistics in our country, for example, according to the Federal State Statistics Service, in Russia, as a result of the attack of stray dogs from 2000 to 2010, 391 people died (although compared with the 20 thousand people who died earlier each year from rabies in India, this is not so scary). Wrong, according to foreigners, we try and take care of stray animals. So, in Europe, if a person wants to help stray dogs, he does not feed them at the entrance, but goes to the shelter and takes care of the pet, which until now could not find the owner. This, by the way, is much more complicated than just sharing leftover food.
Dogs can give older people a lot of positive emotions.
Another great idea that came to our country from Holland was the project on the “employment” of mongrels. Usually, volunteer organizations participate in it, helping nursing homes and orphanages. Lonely old people and children are sorely lacking in love and affection, which pets who have recently acquired owners can generously reward them. For such communication very carefully, according to several criteria, animals are selected – they must be non-aggressive, healthy and respond well to strangers. For dogs from the shelter, curators who have good contact with animals are selected. If the dogs were recently given to the family, then time is given for them to get to know their new owners well, and then the volunteers, together with the “tailed team”, come to visit those who especially need them. According to the feedback of the participants,
Children with no parents are especially happy with unusual guests. According to psychologists, communication with animals can fix many problems in a baby soul crippled by life circumstances. And this is not about special dogs-therapists, but simply about good-natured animals from the shelter who are ready to communicate with people. It’s very useful for kids to simply cuddle doggies and learn how to care for animals – comb, feed, walk with them, holding a leash.
In other countries, various exotic animals are brought to nursing homes.
Such projects, which are now being implemented very successfully in many countries, really allow you to solve several problems at once – children, the elderly, and the dogs themselves receive a huge portion of positive emotions, and shelter animals, recently loitering around the streets and presenting a potential threat, become “in demand specialists ”doing an important job, the attitude towards them is changing before our eyes. In the future, dogs that have received this experience are easier to fit in good hands. This is a great example of how not very difficult to implement and an inexpensive idea can bring tangible benefits to all participants.
It would be unusual if the designers learned to take all the best from nature without harming it. At least – they could, admiring her beauty, create unique images, as suggested by the Russian artist Lilia Khudyakova, who collected 20 collages, where she found her “couple” for each amazing dress – as a possible source of inspiration.
1. Amazing Northern Norway
2. Pink Lake
3. Red grapes
4. Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany
5. Natural watercolor
6. Northern Lights
7. Iridescent hills
8. Volcano eruption
11. Infrared Autumn
14. The eruption of Eyyafyatlayokudl volcano, Iceland
15. Photography of the ocean landscape
16. Valley of Glaciers
17. Pink sunset
18. The underwater sea world
19. starry night
20. Rice field in Yunnan, China
22. Autumn leaves
23. Sandy beach
24. Fallen foliage
25. Ocean waves
26. The top of the beauty
Dress made from goatskin. However, the designers of the house Valentino in their work, indeed, take elements from the surrounding world as a basis, and their collection inspired by space is a vivid confirmation of this.
Throughout history, there has been a taboo on marriage with relatives. Today it is known that this is fraught with recessive genes, leading to a number of serious diseases, such as hemophilia, and which are also likely to become dominant genes in a family practicing inbreeding. One would have thought that famous and educated people would never have allowed this, but no matter how!
1. Herbert Wells
Herbert Wells. One of the titans of modern science fiction, Herbert George Wells, who presented the world with works such as The Time Machine and War of the Worlds, in 1891 was just an ordinary science teacher. At 25, he was worried about health and financial problems. This situation only worsened when he married his 16-year-old cousin Isabelle Mary Wells at age 25. In 1894, they split up (according to various sources, by mutual consent or with Herbert’s insistence), and in the same year, Wells married Amy Robbins, one of his former students.
Wells was not just a supporter of the free love movement throughout his marriage: he practiced it. Among his mistresses were even respected writers of the time, such as Violet Hunt. This caused Wells a lot of trouble. His colleague Hubert Bland beat the writer for an affair with his daughter Rosamund, and for some time Pember Reeves pursued Wells, intending to shoot the writer for the same reason. Wells himself did not deny anything, saying of himself: “I am a very immoral person. I hunted people who love me. ” Perhaps it is not surprising that someone with this attitude married a cousin.
Claudius is considered one of the wisest (or at least more educated) emperors of Ancient Rome. At one time, the Roman emperor completely conquered Britain and expanded the borders of the state in North Africa, while finding time to write almost 28 history books in Greek (especially the history of the Etruscans). No one could even think that the emperor would marry a relative, and what … considering that he became emperor only after Caligula was killed, and also that numerous senators and soldiers tried to kill him in the first years of his reign.
This third marriage of Claudius, with his niece Agrippina the Younger (Caligula’s sister), actually put an end to his reign. From the very beginning, Agrippina was ambitious and urged the emperor to call his son his successor, despite the fact that Claudius was young enough at that time. Agrippina also poisoned her uncle/husband with mushrooms when her son (who became emperor) Nero turned 16 years old. The fact that she was regent until Nero was old enough to take the throne was a very likely motive. True, Claudius should have expected this, given that Agrippina was also suspected of poisoning her previous husband Passion Crispus.
3. Albert Einstein
Basically, this pioneer in the field of physics is remembered thanks to him thanks to his work, in particular, the General Theory of Relativity, which revolutionized our understanding of matter, time and energy. Surely, everyone saw images of Einstein with disheveled gray hair. But in the early days, when the scientist was still working on his iconic theories, he did what seemed to be vicious even by the standards of other incestuous marriages.
In 1903, Einstein married a colleague, professor of physics Milev Marich. At that time, they already had an illegitimate daughter, who suited a year earlier as a result of a novel that began in 1897. However, by 1912, Einstein had suddenly flamed up with feelings for his cousin Elsa, whose existence he had learned shortly before. In 1919, Einstein divorced his first wife, although in 1917 he had already moved to Elsa, who lived with her two daughters from a marriage that ended in divorce. And this is not all the scandals of a brilliant physicist. In 1918, Einstein seriously considered not leaving Elsa for the sake of … her daughter Ilse, who worked as his secretary.
Few people in the history of mankind have been considered as romantic as Cleopatra. Surely, everyone heard about her passionate relationship with Julius Caesar and Mark Anthony, as a result of which four children appeared, which jeopardized the future of the Roman Empire. And this is not even to mention her relationship with Ptolemy XIII (moreover, no one would have wanted to romanticize these relations). Advertising In 51 BC Cleopatra ascended the throne after the death of her father, Ptolemy XII. At that time, she was 18 years old, and she married her brother Ptolemy XIII, who was only 10 years old. Such an arrangement would not be so unusual at that time: Cleopatra’s own father was married to his sister Trifaena in accordance with tradition. The time of the ascension to the throne of young brothers and sisters was not successful, because at that time Egypt was experiencing hunger and economic problems. This contributed to the fact that Cleopatra and her husband eventually started a civil war, and when Julius Caesar intervened on Cleopatra’s side, he killed her younger brother in 47 BC, which put an end to one of the worst marriages in history. of humanity.
5. Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe
The Gothic horror author and poet, who became the ancestor of the genre of “mystical detective story,” was also “noted” on the basis of incest. Edgar Allan Poe married his cousin Virginia when he was 27 years old and she was only 13 years old. He also lived with her from the age of seven. The age difference between them was so great that Edgar worked for many years as a private tutor for his wife.
There have been several attempts to protect this marriage. Some argued that the couple had waited several years before formalizing the marriage, and also that they got married only because otherwise, Edgar would have no legal reason to leave Virginia “with him” after he found out that she will be sent to a wealthy relative after the death of her mother. Whatever the true intentions, the fact that the writer lived with his wife until her death at the age of 24 from tuberculosis remains a fact.
6. James Watt
This Scottish mechanical inventor and surveyor are usually credited with the invention of a steam engine, but this is not entirely true. In fact, he took as a basis the steam engine of Newcomen, which was already more than 50 years old, and improved it. This gave a significant impetus to the industrial revolution. However, few people know about his family life, namely that in 1764 he married his cousin Margaret Miller.
About how successful their marriage was, little has been preserved in historical documents. It is known that their marriage lasted nine years (until Margaret’s death) and that she gave birth to six children. Watt was not near Margaret at the time of her death, because at that time he was desperately looking for work throughout Britain. In 1776, he married Anne McGregor, who bore him two more children.
Before the invasion of the conquistadors, cultural attitudes toward incestuous marriages in Central and South America varied greatly. In the Aztec empire, this was considered, in fact, a serious crime, although in one of the local fundamental myths, their main god Quetzalcoatl drunk married his sister. However, in the Inca Empire, the emperor was practically required to marry a family member. There were two opposing legends that were supposed to be the source of the Inca Empire: Manco Kapak married his mother or the empire was founded by four sisters who married four brothers. However, such marriages were true only for the ruling class. In the case of incest, an ordinary person could count on his eyes being gouged out or executed.
It so happened that Atahualpa was married to his sister when he was the last emperor of the Inca Empire. He waged a civil war with his brother Huascar for five years at a time when Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro landed on the coast of Peru. Hearing that the Spaniards could free his brother and put him on the throne, Atahualpa ordered the execution of Huascar. It was this execution and the incestuous marriage of Atahualpa that the Spaniards used to justify the execution of the emperor.
8. Emperor Suining
The era of the reign of the Tang Dynasty in the 8th century AD was one of the golden ages of China and the period when Chinese culture had the most significant influence on Japan. One result of this has been a change in Japanese taboos. While incestuous marriages in China have been unacceptable since the beginning of their history, in Japan for centuries, marriages within imperial families have been commonplace.
Among them, the 11th emperor Suinin, who married his cousin Sahohime in the 1st century AD, was especially notable. This was noteworthy, because this is only one of the few things that are known about him, and due to the almost complete absence of other reliable information about Suinin, he was dubbed “legendary”. It is rather unusual that this was one of the few surviving facts about the leader of the nation, who ruled for 99 years.
9. Charles Darwin
Anyone who has revolutionized the understanding of human biology through his interpretation of the Theory of Evolution has married his cousin, which is surprisingly ironic for some people. However, for the author of Origin of Species, the wedding of his cousin Emma Wedgwood in 1838 was a source of regret, unlike all the marriages described above.
The Darwin couple had 10 children, and Charles was well aware that such marriages could cause health problems. Three of his children died from infectious diseases in childhood. The most notorious death was the death of Charles Waring in 1858, as Darwin was forced to miss the first public presentation of his Theory of Evolution in order to attend the funeral. Even those who lived to adulthood, Darwin said that their health was “unreliable.” Darwin went so far as to ask the British government to conduct a survey of married relatives and the health status of their descendants, but his request was rejected.
10. Philip II of Spain
In the XVI century, Spain was at the peak of power during the reign of Philip II. And long before such things began to be said about the British Empire, “the sun never set” over the Spanish Empire. In addition to Spain, the Netherlands, and southern Italy in Europe, it controlled almost half of South America and more than half of today’s the United States of America, not to mention the Philippines. The empire ruled part of the famous Habsburg dynasty, which was known for its incestuous marriages. However, Philip II went even further than most monarchs, as he married four times relatives.
First, he married Maria of Portugal, a cousin (both my father and mother), who died three years later, giving birth to Prince Carlos, who had health problems that seemed quite familiar to Charles Darwin. He then married Maria Tudor, his cousin, and daughter of Henry VIII. After she died of illness, Philip II sent a proposal for marriage to Elizabeth I and did not receive an answer (because of which he supported the Scottish rebellion against her). Then Philip II married a second cousin Elizabeth Valois (this marriage lasted nine years). And finally, Philip’s last wife was his niece Anna of Austria. The last marriage lasted 10 years and, apparently, this was enough for Philip II, since he spent the last eight years of his life alone.
“Mary Poppins, goodbye”, “Daddy’s daughters”, “Jumble” – it seems that we recently enjoyed these films, programs, and TV shows, but meanwhile more than a dozen years have passed since they appeared on the screens. The actors who played our favorite characters have grown, and you probably want to find out how their fate turned out. For example, did you know that the Button from Daddy’s Daughters is a successful skater?
We at Bright Side found out were 12 great actors are playing and what they are doing, who became famous in childhood.
Daria Melnikova (Zhenya Vasnetsova from the series “Daddy’s Daughters”)
After successful filming in the series, Daria began working at the Moscow Drama Theater. M.N. Ermolova. But she does not refuse film roles, continuing to actively star in both new Russian TV shows and videos. In 2013, Daria married the actor Arthur Smolyaninov, the couple has two sons.
Ekaterina Zorina (Dina from the movie “Sisters”)
Unfortunately, Catherine has not yet managed to become a famous actress: after “Sisters”, she played only a few minor roles in the series. After studying at the St. Petersburg Institute of Judaica at the Faculty of Philology, the girl got a job as a waitress. In 2018, she starred in the video Coins for the song “90”.
Inga Ilm (Masha Startseva from the film “The Adventures of Petrov and Vasechkin, Ordinary and Incredible”)
After graduating from the Moscow Art Theater School, Inga went to America to study at the famous acting school of Lee Strasberg. But life in the United States seemed unbearable to her, and after a couple of years, the actress returned, starting to work at the A.S. Pushkin Theater.
In parallel, she could be seen on television as the host of all kinds of programs. Since 2003, together with her husband, she has been running a successful publishing business. In addition, Inga completely plunged into the study of the artistic culture of Russia in the 1st half of the 18th century.
Anna Plisetskaya (Jane Banks from the movie “Mary Poppins, Goodbye”)
Anna is a ballerina from the Plisetskys – Messerers dynasty. The niece of the famous Maya Plisetskaya gave her ballet almost all her life, but now Anna is the producer of music and dance projects, organizing concerts and performances.
Lina Braknite (Suok / Tutti’s heir doll from the movie “Three Fat Men”)
Lina successfully starred in childhood. Films such as “Girl and the Echo” (1964), “Three Fat Men” (1964), and “Dubravka” (1967) were once widely heard by everyone. But after an unsuccessful attempt to enter VGIK, the girl decided to return home to Vilnius. Now the former actress and a historian by training work in the rare book department of the library of the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of Lithuania.
Anna Tsukanova-Kott (the girl from the Jumble magazine “Jumble”)
The actress successfully starred in many Russian series and projects (Woe from Wit, Mermaids, Fort Boyard: Return). Since 2016, Anna (by the way, the wife of director Alexander Kott) launched the Kinoeda project and is engaged in the delivery of individual hot meals to filming sets.
Ekaterina Starshova (Button from the series “Daddy’s Daughters”)
The actress was only 6 years old when fame fell on her. But such success did not turn the girl’s head but made her take a more responsible approach to choose a profession. Along with filming in films and commercials, Catherine won prizes in figure skating. And this year she entered the Moscow State University. MV Lomonosov at the Faculty of Fundamental Medicine.
Dmitry Martynov (Egor from the films “Night Watch” and “Day Watch”)
Dmitry began acting in commercials from the age of 6 too. And at 13 already played side by side with Konstantin Khabensky in the films “Night Watch” and “Day Watch”. Unfortunately, after the sensational blockbusters, star roles did not follow, and now the young man leads a closed lifestyle, and nothing is known about his new projects.
Medea Marinescu (Mirabela from the musical “Maria, Mirabela”)
The Romanian actress achieved fame in her country and participated in many films that were successful (“Return from Hell”, “Procrustean Bed”, “You Are So Beautiful”). Now she is actively acting and playing on the stage of the national theater.
Mikhail Filipchuk (Sanya from the movie “Thief”)
Despite the fact that Mikhail received a number of awards after the release of the film, this did not affect the boy’s desire to continue his acting career. Mikhail graduated from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (Faculty of General and Applied Physics, Department of Quantum Radiophysics) and emigrated to the United States.
Anastasia Dobrynina (Cook from the movie of the same name)
Huge nopulya rnost fell on the actress after the film “The Cook” in which the girl played in the age of 9. This was the starting point in the film career of the future star. At the moment, Anastasia has starred in 46 films and is not going to stop there.
Alexander Loye (red-haired boy from the Jumble magazine “Jumble”)
Although the actor starred in many episodes of “Jumble”, still gained wide fame after the role of Sidorov in the advertising of a carbonated drink Herschi Cola. He studied both at GITIS and at the Higher Theater School. M.S. Shchepkina. Now Alexander is involved in the Russian series.
It would seem, well, what we have not seen on this Internet? But no: there are still facts online that can make us raise our eyebrows. A stone that is older than the Sun and the Earth, fish picking berries from a branch, or virtual glasses for cows – we don’t even know what was a big surprise for us.
We at Bright Side adore this childhood feeling of wonder at the diversity of the world. We hope you share it with us. And a hedgehog sleeping without hind legs is generally a champion by grace (and our favorite).
1. Piraputanga – a fish that loves berries
2. A student found golden spheres on the beach: it turned out to be pyrite balls with fossils inside. Their age is 185 million years.
3. The Thule tree in Mexico is the thickest in the world: its trunk diameter is 11.62 m. Nobody knows the exact age of the “tree of life”: according to various estimates, it is from 1,200 to 3,000 years old
4. The 10 millionth visitor to the largest Danish museum, the Rijksmuseum, won an overnight stay in the hall with Rembrandt’s masterpiece “Night Watch”, with wine and an exquisite dinner
5. This modest-looking pebble is the Murchison meteorite, which fell to the Earth in 1969. Its age is 4.65 billion years, it is older than the sun
6. Adult German Shepherd with a diagnosis of “dwarfism”
7. Geode Palpi in Spain – one of the most unusual caves on Earth: this is an egg-shaped cavity filled with jagged crystals
8. These water bags are completely made of glass.
9. In the Moscow Region, cows were given VR glasses: the appearance of a summer meadow makes animals calmer and increases milk yield
10. Famous Kizhi soar in the sky: during reconstruction, the church was lifted on jacks to replace collapsing logs
11. Aubari Oasis in the Sahara Desert
12. A police station in South Korea
13. A store in Amsterdam sells exclusively rubber ducks: for example, there is a duck-cactus, a duck-pokemon and a duck – Daenerys Targaryen
14. Black cactus
15. Angora rabbit
16. A knife in the form of a corncob of amber and damask steel
According to statistics, after the 10th year of life, about 30% of dogs and 50% of bitches suffer from cancer. Cancer in dogs is essentially the same as cancer in humans; it is also uncontrolled cell growth caused by a mutation at the DNA level. Sometimes there are benign formations, but more often neoplasms are malignant. Gene mutation begins in one cell but spreads to numerous cells, which with the development of the disease begins to form tumors. And lymph and blood transfer diseased cells to other organs, where they give daughter formations – metastases. In order to help your dog in time, you need to pay attention to the following symptoms:
any bulge or pineal formation on any part of the dog’s body;
ulcers that do not heal for a long time;
the dog lost her appetite;
the appearance of blood or pus in places of physiological holes;
shortness of breath, excrement of feces and urine;
the appearance of bad breath;
difficulty absorbing food or water;
vomiting and diarrhea;
difficulty walking, pain;
the appearance of coughing or wheezing; weakness, anemia, pain, sleep disturbances, impaired coordination, fainting.
Types of cancer
Since the nature of cancer in humans and dogs is the same, the types of cancer are practically the same. The only difference is the speed of the development of certain species. The main types are:
The most common type of cancer in dogs, especially older than 10 years. Often, the hair closes the tumor and is difficult to detect. Therefore, you need to carefully examine the skin of the dog during its bathing. The neoplasm can be like a mole or a seal covered with a crust.
The occurrence of this type of cancer is affected by 2 main factors: smoking in the family where the dog is kept, and shampoos, which include elements from oil. The main breed that is susceptible to this disease is the Scottish Terrier.
Osteosarcoma (bone cancer).
Osteosarcoma is most often found in large and heavy dogs. Cancer primarily affects the dog’s front legs and upper hind legs. It is noted that castrated dogs are more prone to this type of cancer.
It appears as a small form that is easily detectable by palpation. However, over time, it can cause complications in the form of metastases throughout the body. Mastectomy at an early stage will avoid this phenomenon. Removing the ovaries can also help reduce risk.
Cancer of the stomach /intestines.
It manifests itself through the symptoms of the gastrointestinal tract and a change in diet. Frequent constipation and diarrhea, vomiting and blood appear in the stool. The general condition also changes for the worse: you can notice the dog’s weakness and lethargy, weight loss, and tests can show anemia.
In dogs, they manifest as sarcomas and fibrosarcomas. Developing in the mucous membrane, gradually they can affect other parts of the uterus. Alas, the onset of a malignant tumor is practically not accompanied by clearly noticeable symptoms. And signs can be noted only after the tumor reaches a significant size.
Neoplasms in the liver can be both primary and secondary. Most often, secondary neoplasms are found, which are metastases of foci of the disease in other organs. The main symptom of the disease is jaundice.
Cancer symptoms in dogs can be very similar to lung cancer in humans. The onset is usually accompanied by a dry cough. There is difficulty in breathing in the absence of a load on the body. Over time, you may notice sputum with traces of pus or even blood. Most often found in dogs over the age of 10 years.
It is much less common and difficult to diagnose in the early stages. Of the noticeable manifestations – blood in the urine and pain, which can be noticed by the dog’s obstructed movements and whining. There is a general weakness of the body and apathy.
Given the manifold manifestations of cancer in various organs, the diagnosis and treatment will also be specific. First of all, modern diagnostics is focused on an integrated approach and includes 3 main components: clinical, instrumental and laboratory studies. Clinical studies focus on a thorough examination by a specialist.
Instrumental methods can be divided into main types:
Radiography – may be necessary to detect lung metastases in breast cancer, lung cancer, abdominal organs, and bone tissue.
Ultrasonography or ultrasound is most useful in identifying and analyzing tumors in the abdominal cavity. It helps determine the structure and location of the neoplasm.
Computed and magnetic resonance imaging – is used to analyze neoplasms in the brain.
A biopsy is a fundamental component of the diagnosis of any cancer. Diagnostics are based on histological and cytological methods that are able to show the nature of the change within the cell and tissues. A final diagnosis can only be made after obtaining the results of a biopsy.
Laboratory research focuses on a thorough analysis of biological and biochemical materials, such as blood, urine, or biological material obtained by biopsy.
First of all, you need to remember that each case of the disease is individual. So, treatment can be prescribed only by a specialist in the field of oncology.